Research project on adaptive textile shading system for facades with integrated shape memory alloy (SMA), Weißensee School of Art, 2017-2021
The research project ADAPTEX investigates the potential of using the smart material Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) for an adaptive sun shading textile for architecture. By incorporating SMA as an actuator into a textile structure, the permeability of the surface adapts in response to temperature, adjusting parameters like light transmission and reflection. In high solar radiation, the system blocks incoming sunlight to regulate solar heat gain. In low solar radiation the surface remains open to provide natural light and view. SMAs are manufactured metals that can act as both sensors and actuators. In the form of thin wires, SMA require less space, energy and resources compared to motorized actuators.
ADAPTEX was developed by an interdisciplinary project team from architecture, textile design, facade engineering and material research. Project team Weißensee School of Art: Prof. Christiane Sauer, Dipl.- Des. Ebba Fransén Waldhör, Dipl. Ing. Maxie Schneider
Photos: Ebba Fransén Waldhör, Janis Rozkalns